Broken capillaries are an unsightly problem that most often affects the skin of the face and legs. There are many reasons for their formation, but the most common are genetic, hormonal and environmental factors. Broken capillaries can appear in people of any age.
Couperous skin, how is it characterized? One of the main signs is erythema, which occurs as a result of dilation of blood vessels. Visible, blood-filled fine capillaries appear as spider veins or spider veins around the nose, cheeks and frontal areas of the face.
Couperous skin is characterized by increased reactivity and sensitivity, which can manifest itself in the form of burning, itching and even pain. It is also more prone to inflammation. Due to a weakened protective barrier, it can lose water faster than other skin types, resulting in persistent dryness and roughness.
Vascular skin often has a genetic basis. Such skin is simply thinner from birth, the blood vessels are more fragile and therefore susceptible to rupture. Women are more susceptible to capillary damage than men. This problem can occur in people of any age, and may appear as people age. This is caused by the use of irritating substances, taking certain medications or previous illnesses. Vascular skin can also appear during pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body.
Causes of Vascular Skin
Thin and delicate skin reacts too sharply to external factors. Skin sensitivity is usually associated with various factors such as temperature changes, stress, spicy or hot foods, and excessive alcohol consumption.
Note! In people with vascular skin, the blood vessels are inelastic and located shallow under the skin. In addition, it is thin and sensitive, so redness caused by broken capillaries is noticeable and lasts for a long time.
The most common causes and factors:
Genetic conditions: The skin’s tendency to rosacea can be inherited.
Weakened walls of blood vessels lead to their expansion and visibility on the surface of the skin.
Exposure to harmful environmental factors such as UV radiation, air pollution, changes in temperature and wind.
Skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, atopic dermatitis and hormonal fluctuations.
Broken capillaries on the face can also occur in people suffering from dermatological diseases; the causes are hormonal, genetic, and immunological factors.
Care for skin with rosacea
Skin with capillaries is most often sensitive and requires special care. These problems can be resolved with proper care and treatment. Capillary skin can react intensely to UV radiation and temperature changes. Therefore, if you spend time in the sun, use high-filter creams to protect your skin. It is also very important to use protective creams in winter, when the skin is exposed to strong winds and frost, as well as sudden temperature fluctuations.
Dermocosmetics do not contain harmful substances, and the ingredients they contain have not only caring, but also healing properties that prevent excessive loss of water from the deep layers of the skin. These include: pantothenic acid, shea butter, macadamia nut oil, vitamins (especially vitamin E), glycerin. Among these drugs, it is worth choosing a cleansing gel and cream for damaged capillaries.
First of all, it is worth strengthening the hydrolipid barrier, which is the basis for protecting the skin from external factors. If it doesn’t work properly, your skin will overreact to environmental irritants. To restore the hydrolipid layer, it is recommended to carefully cleanse the skin and provide it with the necessary nutrients.
It is always important to observe the skin’s reaction to any substance applied to it. The cleansing stage is the removal of makeup and impurities from the skin. To remove makeup from the skin, you should use mild products designed for vascular skin. This can be micellar liquid or milk. It is better not to rub the skin, as this can irritate it even more, but to carefully remove makeup.
Products should contain as few potentially irritating substances as possible (for example, preservatives, dyes, flavors), and instead they should be enriched with nutrients that soothe and strengthen blood vessels. Therefore, it is worth looking for cleansing cosmetics containing panthenol, allantoin, vitamin C or milk thistle extract.
Using a toner after cleansing your skin is essential to return your skin’s pH to the correct level. Water or cleansers can lower the skin’s pH, making it more susceptible to bacterial infections. A toner intended for vascular skin should have soothing properties and eliminate redness. It can be in the form of a spray, which makes it easier to apply and does not require rubbing the skin.
Hydrolates such as rose or witch hazel can also work well as tonics. Hydrolates are gentle plant extracts that can be used to balance the pH of the skin.
Facial skin care creams intended for vascular skin will help strengthen the hydrolipid barrier. Vitamins C and K have a very positive effect on the condition of blood vessels.
Additional Information! Vitamin C not only supports the functioning of blood vessels, but also promotes proper collagen synthesis. A deficiency of this vitamin can lead to sagging skin and the appearance of wrinkles. Providing the skin with vitamin C or its derivatives will significantly improve elasticity and prevent the formation of redness on the skin.
In turn, ingredients such as vitamin B3, aloe extract, butter and vegetable oils will have a positive effect on the hydrolipid layer of the skin and retain water in it. Thanks to this, the vascular skin will become resistant to external factors.
After some time, when the skin reactivity decreases somewhat, slightly stronger substances can be introduced. An example is retinol, which significantly increases skin elasticity and smoothes wrinkles. However, if your capillary skin is very reactive, this ingredient may irritate it. Therefore, it should be introduced gradually, after the skin lesions have calmed down.
In addition to creams, it is also worth using facial serum. In the case of couperose skin, a serum with prebiotics or lactobionic acid is good. However, keep in mind that serum is a highly concentrated product, so you should not immediately include it in your daily care. Skin with rosacea may react violently to such a change. Therefore, initially use the serum once a week and observe how the skin behaves. If you tolerate the cosmetic product, you can use it more often – it would be optimal to use the serum several times a week.
It is also good to include cosmetics containing ingredients such as seaweed, chamomile, calendula or rosehip oil in your vascular skin care routine. However, as in other cases, it is worth pre-testing the effectiveness of each newly introduced drug on a small area of skin.
Water that is too hot can dilate blood vessels and increase discomfort, so it is recommended to use warm or cool water to wash your face. Avoid harsh detergents and soaps, which can cause irritation and dryness of the skin. It is important to regularly use moisturizing creams and lotions. Choose foods without irritants such as alcohol or artificial flavors.
Note! Always use high SPF sunscreen even on cloudy days, and avoid the sun during peak hours. Stressful situations can have a negative impact on the skin’s capillaries, so it’s important to take care of your mental health.
It is important to avoid exfoliating your skin too often, especially using mechanical peels. Use a gentle enzyme peel that exfoliates dead skin cells without irritating capillaries.
You should also avoid facial massage, especially if there is strong pressure on the skin, which can lead to cracking of fragile blood vessels.
Causes of burst capillaries on the legs
Also common are ruptured blood vessels in the legs, called spider veins. Their reasons are considered:
staying in one position for a long time (usually standing);
low physical activity;
diseases of the venous system.
Spider veins on the legs are a consequence of improper blood circulation in the venous system of the lower extremities. This is worth remembering, because although individual ruptured vessels look quite inconspicuous, they should be carefully monitored. Taking quick action to correct them will prevent the changes from worsening and causing serious problems.