The organ of sight – our eyes are precious, and we must take care of them. Dry and polluted air, too long exposure to the screens of electronic devices, lack of sleep or reading in poor lighting – all this leads to poor vision. Therefore, it is very important to know how to take care of your eyes.
Causes of visual impairment
Many visual impairments develop with age, although the genetics and lifestyles of many of us cause problems to appear more frequently in every age group. Vision changes resulting in a blurry image may be due to a temporary problem or a more serious problem.
The main causes of visual impairment:
- retinal disinsertion;
- vascular disease involving the retina or optic nerve;
- inflammatory diseases;
- hereditary diseases;
- vitamin A deficiency;
- poisoning (methanol).
Air pollution, hours of work at the computer, a sedentary lifestyle – all this is harmful to our eyes and visual acuity. The lifestyle that most of us lead, associated with spending many hours in front of the computer, is not good for the eyes, which means that vision can deteriorate even if we are 100% healthy.
- Visual impairment symptoms:
- blurred vision;
- eye fatigue and tearing;
- eye pain or headache;
- reading problems.
Dry eyes are one of the most common causes of blurred vision, but are not dangerous. To see clearly, the cornea must be sufficiently moistened. If the eye does not produce enough tears, the cornea dries up. Watching TV for long hours, working at a computer, or using electronic devices for long periods of time have this effect because the eyes open and close less than once a minute, and therefore not enough tears are produced inside the eye socket.
Blurry vision can be a sign of a more general body dysfunction. In some cases, this is a harbinger of the onset of diabetes. When blood sugar levels are high, the normal level of fluid inside the eye is disrupted. Thus, the eye does not focus normally. Vision is restored with the help of appropriate medications to regulate sugar levels.
How to take care of your eyes
If you work on a computer, give your eyes a rest. Constantly staring at the screen is harmful to the eyes. Install the monitor at a distance of 40 cm from the eyes.
In addition, regular breaks in work are important. Constantly focusing on the screen tires the eyes, so at least every 20 minutes you need to look away from the computer at a distant object for at least 20 seconds to reduce fatigue. Applying this simple rule will give your eyes a moment’s rest.
Note! Start by controlling your blink rate. Normally, a person blinks 8 times per minute, but when looking at the monitor, this value drops to 3 times. This leads to dry eyes, so make sure to blink more often while working at the computer.
Take care of the right lighting. This is due to the fact that a contrast is created between a bright image on the monitor and a dark room. This can lead to visual impairment. Complement the light source that will be nearby and give more light around.
Sleep is important for the regeneration of our entire body, including the regeneration of the eyes. oo little sleep contributes to eye fatigue, which causes irritation and dryness.. In the evening, try to go to bed earlier.
Protect your eyes from harmful sun rays, no matter the season. Sunglasses will protect your eyes from excessive sunlight, it is only important that they have a high filter. The harsh sun is dangerous for both our skin and eyes. The sun’s rays dry out the surface of the eye, which can cause dryness or a burning sensation on sunny days.
Physical activity affects the functioning of our entire body, as well as vision. This increases the blood supply to the eyes and reduces capillary fragility.
Additional Information! Of course, regular eye examinations by a specialist are important to learn how to care for your eyes in your case. Only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis.
Restoration of vision
Visual defects can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery and lasers. You can take care of your eyesight with proper nutrition.
A balanced diet full of vitamins and minerals for the proper functioning of the eyes. Ophthalmologists recommend a diet rich in vitamins A, E and C, as well as omega-3 fatty acids and lutein. These ingredients not only help maintain good eye health, but also prevent the formation of cataracts and even macular degeneration.
Be sure to include fish, nuts, fresh vegetables and fruits in your daily diet. These valuable ingredients will positively affect not only vision, but also immunity and many other organs. Thanks to this, the eyes will be strengthened from the inside, and it will be possible to take care of their proper hydration and prevent many diseases that can appear in old age, such as cataracts or glaucoma.
The eyes will benefit from eating foods rich in vitamin A, which is found in cabbage, parsley, watercress. Carrots and broccoli will fill the deficiency of both vitamin A and vitamin C. Fenugreek and whole grains are an excellent source of vitamin B, which is also beneficial for the eyes. Zinc is found in beef and pork, as well as peanuts and legumes, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and spinach. Spinach is rich in vitamin E, C and lutein.
Carotenoids – antioxidants that protect the retina of the eye, have an excellent effect on the condition of the skin and protect against many diseases. They can be found in peppers, tomatoes, pumpkin and cherries. Lutein and zeaxanthin also have antioxidant properties, protecting the retina from degeneration as well as cataracts and vision loss. Kale, spinach and broccoli contain the highest concentrations of these eye-healthy nutrients.
Additional Information! During the summer, when blueberries are in season, the vitamins and minerals they contain can help improve vision. When there is no access to fresh fruit, you can drink blueberry juice, which also has many valuable properties.
Herbs for the eyes
The best herbs for vision have a preventive effect, preventing the deterioration of the quality of vision, and can to some extent slow down or reverse adverse changes. It will also help in the fight against mild swelling of the eyelids and in case of mild allergies in the eyes.
- Chamomile – has a calming and anti-inflammatory effect.
- Calendula officinalis – has antibacterial and soothing properties,
- Sage – reduces redness, irritation and eye fatigue.
Herbs for improving eyesight are considered safe, so in most cases they can be used without any warning. They must be used regularly, using 2-3 types at the same time, in order not only to restore good vision, but also to prevent deterioration.