The skin around the eyes is the most sensitive and delicate part of the face. Its thickness is four times thinner than the skin on the cheeks. It consists mainly of the epidermis and dermis with a small amount of subcutaneous tissue. Taking care of the eye area is very important as the skin in this area is very delicate. You can start using eye cream after 20 years, and after 30 years – this is absolutely necessary.
How to care for the area around the eyes?
The skin around the eyes is extremely thin, has few sebaceous glands responsible for the proper functioning of the hydrolipidic barrier. Dark circles under the eyes and crow’s feet characteristic of this area are problems caused by the anatomical structure of the skin. Their formation is influenced by a thin epidermis, numerous shallow blood vessels and intensive work of the circular muscles of the eyes.
Additional Information! Dark circles under the eyes can be a symptom of excess salt in the diet or circulatory disorders, diseases of the digestive system. They are also often hereditary.
Proper care, proper hydration, sleep hygiene and a balanced diet can reduce these problems and slow down skin aging.
To make the eyes look fresh and bright, it matters:
- gentle make-up removal;
- use of eye creams;
- cold compresses;
- use of sunscreen;
- following a diet rich in antioxidants;
- compliance with the drinking regime;
- healthy sleep.
The thin skin under the eyes is extremely susceptible to external factors. Too much or too little water in the body, inadequate sleep, or a nutrient-poor diet can contribute to lymphatic congestion.
Water prevents the formation of edema, promotes skin hydration, reduces the risk of irritation and dark circles under the eyes, affects the firmness and elasticity of the skin.
Note! Hydration is crucial in under-eye skin care, both inside and out. Unfortunately, even the best cream will not moisturize the skin that is dehydrated from the inside. Keep this in mind and try to drink min. 2 liters of water.
Humidity is also extremely important, which should be increased in the apartment during the heating period with the help of a humidifier. This will prevent drying of the skin and mucous membranes.
A healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables is another way to keep the skin under your eyes in good condition. It is worth making sure that the menu does not lack nutrients, vitamins and trace elements, as well as healthy fats. They have a huge impact on the condition and appearance of our skin and on our health, and their deficiency will lead to faster skin aging, reduced elasticity, and dark circles under the eyes.
Careful, thorough and delicate make-up removal is absolutely essential for the care of the skin around the eyes. This must be done always, even when tired. It is better to apply the eye makeup remover to the eyelashes for several tens of seconds to avoid rubbing the eyelids.
To remove eye makeup, it is recommended to use natural micellar liquids, milk, emulsions, or pure vegetable oils. It is important that they do not contain alcohol in order to avoid an unpleasant burning sensation, as well as irritation from dry skin.
Sleep deprivation at night affects the condition and appearance of the skin. This leads to faster aging, the appearance of dark circles and bags under the eyes. Sleep is a key element of a healthy lifestyle and beauty care, as well as rest, which should not be forgotten when working at a computer, spend a lot of time in a room with artificial lighting.
Solar radiation accelerates the formation of wrinkles, skin aging, and contributes to the appearance of age spots. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to sun protection and using creams with UV filters also under the eyes. In addition to the use of filter creams, sun protection also includes sunglasses and a hat that protects the eyes from the sun.
home remedies for the eye area
To eliminate swelling from the eyes, in the morning you can apply a chilled spoon to the eyelid. Herbal compresses with anti-inflammatory and softening properties may be useful:
- green tea;
Hydrolates, i.e. floral waters, have many uses. One of them is eye care. Cistus and cornflower hydrosols work best.
Cistus hydrosol, applied under the eyes as a compress, evens out skin tone, reduces dark circles and bags under the eyes, refreshes the eyes and accelerates the regeneration of the epidermis. Cornflower blue reduces puffiness of the eyes, has calming properties. Thanks to him, a tired look quickly acquires a radiant and fresh look, and puffiness disappears.
In addition to hydrosols for compresses, you can also use green tea or slices of fresh cucumber. An equally popular method of reducing puffiness around the eyes after waking up is to massage with ice cubes, but you need to be careful not to keep the ice in one place for too long, so as not to frostbite on delicate skin.
What is the difference between eye cream and face cream?
A cream intended for use under the eyes is chosen with greater care than with creams for the entire face. Means intended for the area around the eyes should not weigh down the skin.
Cosmetic preparations used for edema should have a draining effect. For this purpose, creams, gels or masks are used to improve lymph flow, improve blood circulation in the capillaries. These cosmetics usually have a light or gel-like consistency and require refrigeration.
Note! Products applied under the eyes do not use active ingredients that can cause allergies or irritation, such as high concentrations of vitamin A derivatives and deep acting acids,
Other cosmetic preparations for the care of the eye area, in addition to creams, include serums that have a higher concentration of active substances than in creams.
They contain valuable caring ingredients that are essential for daily care.
What ingredients should a good eye cream contain?
The complex cream for the skin around the eyes should include ingredients that have moisturizing, regenerating and nourishing properties. You need to check if it contains vitamins A, C and E, hyaluronic acid, ceramides and other substances with anti-wrinkle properties. Regular use of cosmetics with this effect makes the skin smoother and more elastic, slows down skin aging.
Hyaluronic acid, ceramides, collagen, elastin, amino acids, proteins are often used as moisturizers in eye creams. On the other hand, vegetable oils, which can be found in cosmetics, nourish and restore the lipid layer. The most popular active ingredients used in the treatment of all skin problems around the eyes are:
- regenerating ceramides;
- moisturizing hyaluronic acid;
- well-known antioxidants in the form of vitamins A, C and E.
Arnica, horse chestnut have a good effect on blood vessels. Typically, anti-wrinkle products contain peptides and collagen. If the skin is very sensitive, the cream should contain soothing ingredients such as aloe vera, panthenol or allantoin.
How to apply eye cream?
Due to the small thickness of the skin under the eyes, when applying the cream, it should be avoided rubbing and stretching, thereby exposing it to stretching. It is best to gently pat the cream with the ring finger, the pressure of which is much lower than that of the other fingers. It is carried out from the inner corner of the eye to the outer one above the upper eyelid and in the opposite direction along the lower eyelid.
The cream should not be applied too close to the lash line or on the moving eyelid to reduce the risk of product getting into the eyes and causing irritation.
The amount is also important so as not to overload the delicate and thin skin. Too much cosmetics applied to this area can lead to swelling. Just the size of a pin head.
Daily skin care under the eyes should be thought out as well as for the skin of the entire face. Its key elements should be a thorough make-up removal, a light massage and a good eye cream. In addition to skin care, take care of what you eat and how much water you drink, get enough sleep, and in the summer do not leave the house without dark glasses. Thanks to this, your skin under the eyes will always look young and fresh.