Acne on the face is one of the most annoying dermatological problems. This is a very complex inflammatory disease that can be mild, moderate or severe. Acne is most common among young people. It occurs in 80% of people aged 11 to 30 years. Although this does not have a significant impact on the physical health of a person, but, unfortunately, it has psychological consequences, because they make you lose self-confidence. Young people with acne are afraid of being rejected by the opposite sex, which leads to poor performance in school or even at work.
Why do pimples appear?
Acne is an inflammation of the skin. The pores of the skin become infected with various bacteria and they become filled with pus. Excessive sebum production that forms in our skin is the main cause of acne and blackhead problems. They can be found in abundance on the face, chest and back.
Note! Acne occurs in both adults and teenagers. Pimples appear between the ages of 12 and 17, and usually disappear after 25. In girls, they appear earlier than in boys because they mature faster. It should be noted that acne can remain mild until the age of 40 in 5% of women and 1% of men. In adults, acne usually occurs due to hormonal causes.
Many factors can cause acne on the skin. The exact reasons are unknown. Hormones certainly play a role during puberty (skin glands produce more sebum). Sebum and dead cells clog skin pores, and the spread of bacteria creates red, white, or black spots, pimples, and even cysts.
Pimples on the back
They occur mainly on the face, upper neck, back, shoulders and chest. Can cause pain and permanent scars on the skin.
What are the causes of acne?
A dermatologist can help determine which factor is causing the breakouts. There are many reasons why a person may develop acne:
- increased production of sebum;
- accumulation of dead skin cells;
- bacteria or germs in the pores;
- hormonal disorders;
- unsuitable care products and cosmetics;
- emotional stress;
- exposure to the skin of various chemical components.
Reasons that may not arouse suspicion, for example:
- cosmetics that are not suitable for the skin;
- the mobile phone should be cleaned regularly with mild detergents;
- excessive consumption of caffeine found in coffee, green tea and energy drinks;
- non-removal of make-up;
- makeup brushes are not cleaned regularly;
- overexposure to air pollution by dust
Additional Information! Although acne is a common skin condition, many teens and even adults view it as a temporary condition and don’t care much about going to a dermatologist for treatment. It is also believed that they can be removed by thorough cleaning.
Useful tips to get a clear and radiant acne-free face again
What can be done to prevent and treat acne and pimples? Don’t pop pimples. This leads to inflammation and scarring. Pimples should not be touched at all because this can further infect the skin.
Don’t pop pimples
There is a serious risk that you can create scars and marks that will be very difficult to get rid of in the coming years. Acne is much easier to treat than scars.
Exfoliation is the best known process for removing dead skin cells from the skin and can help clear up acne, but overuse can make it worse. The skin will become even more irritated.
Additional Information! Applying a light-weight moisturizer after washing your face can prevent dry skin that aggravates acne.
You should avoid trying any acne medication recommended by a friend or acquaintances that has had a positive effect. First you need to talk to a dermatologist, because each case is individual. In addition, all medicines have certain side effects and every body is unique. Also avoid using cosmetics and creams that are inappropriate for your age or skin type. Choose quality cosmetics for face and body to avoid acne.
Studies have shown that certain foods can cause acne in some patients. Minimize your intake of sugary, processed foods such as biscuits, refined grains, red meat, and white sugar.
These foods can cause acne
It is important to wash your face regularly to remove impurities and sebum from the skin. Avoid harsh brushing. This can further irritate the skin and cause inflammation, making acne worse. Gentle facial cleanser is applied with clean hands. Facial products must be kept clean to prevent the buildup of bacteria that can lead to flare-ups of acne.
Wash your hair often to prevent hair oil from coming into contact with the skin near your hairline. This can aggravate acne. Avoid hair gels so they don’t clog pores. Fatty skin care products contain oils that can clog pores. They are often meant to be used on dry or mature skin.
Stress also plays a role in acne and pimples, as testosterone along with stress hormones cause an additional increase in sebum production. Reduce stress: meditation, exercise, yoga, reading, relaxing bath, walking in nature, hobbies, etc.
How to treat acne. Facial care products
There are many natural and easy ways to fight acne to enjoy a clean and healthy face. Special creams or serums containing tea tree oil or salicylic acid can reduce acne in certain areas, such as the chin, nose, and forehead. These products can help prevent mild acne. First you need to check on a small area of \u200b\u200bthe skin for a possible allergy.
Wipe the face 3-4 times a day with cotton dipped in rose water. Rose water has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, opens clogged skin pores, reduces redness and provides deep hydration. It also contains vitamin C, which is a very powerful antioxidant that soothes sensitive skin.
Lemon is a very good source of vitamin C and a quick way to deal with sudden breakouts. Freshly squeezed lemon juice helps to quickly “dry” pimples. reduce their appearance. This method is not recommended for people with sensitive or irritated skin.
Lemon in the fight against sudden acne
Wipe the skin with fresh lemon juice before going to bed or 1-2 times a day, leave for 4-5 minutes and rinse with warm water. You can use fresh lemon up to 3-4 times a week.
Peppermint is a plant that is very helpful in fighting acne and improving skin condition. Reduces irritation caused by acne and redness. It has antiviral and antibacterial properties, has a calming effect on the skin. It also has an antiseptic effect and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. Mint leaves are kneaded, water is added if necessary until a paste is formed. Apply to the area with acne for 15 minutes, wash your face with warm water. Can be applied up to two times a day.
Aloe Vera and Tea Tree Aloe vera has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and helps reduce swelling and redness of the skin. It is used to treat skin conditions and is considered an important herb in skin care.
Tea tree oil (not an essential oil) has antibacterial and soothing properties. It helps reduce redness and inflammation of the skin and fight acne causing bacteria. Mix aloe vera gel with a few drops of tea tree oil. Apply the mixture on pimples with a cotton swab, leave for about 20 minutes and rinse with warm water.
Thyme is a “cure” for acne. Thyme tincture can be bought at any pharmacy. Apply a few drops of tincture to a cotton swab and gently wipe the areas with acne.
Baking soda is considered an effective treatment for acne: it kills fungus and bacteria that form on the skin, has strong antiseptic properties, helps absorb excess sebum, and stimulates the rapid growth of new skin cells. Thanks to its properties, it helps the skin to become softer, smoother and slowly relieves acne. Not recommended for sensitive skin.
An equal amount of baking soda is mixed with water to make a thick mixture. Apply with a cotton swab to acne and leave for 20 minutes. Then wash off with warm water.
Coconut oil also helps to remove dead skin cells and regenerate new ones. Apply coconut oil to the pimples, and leave until it is absorbed.
Coconut oil helps with acne
You can make an exfoliating mask with baking soda and coconut oil to increase results. A thick paste is applied to the face with gentle circular motions. Leave on for 5 minutes and then wash your face with warm water. Used once a week. Baking soda is not recommended for sensitive skin.
Prevention of acne gives a good result. If the problem does not disappear or worsens, you need to contact a dermatologist.